Though these ideals were present in the late Medieval period, they flourished in the 15th and 16th centuries, paralleling social and economic changes like secularization. The 1970s marked the beginning of contemporary art, which extends through present day. It showed that humans in this time period made art just like we do in present day. Shaped by the legacy of Surrealism, Abstract Expressionism emerged in New York after WWII. Georges Braque It’s often referred to as the New York School or action painting. Woman with a Parrot, 1866, CharacteristicsLong, sinuous lines and curves, Leading Contributors Art produced during this time was centered around the Church. Each inspired new interest in accurately capturing everyday life. Post-Impressionist painters worked independently rather than as a group, but each influential Post-Impressionist painter had similar ideals. Art Nouveau, which translates to “New Art,” attempted to create an entirely authentic movement free from any imitation of styles that preceded it. André Derain Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History Discover the story of art and global culture through The Met collection. Antoni Gaudí Expressionism emerged as a response to increasingly conflicted world views and the loss of spirituality. These abstract patterns were meant to both confuse and excite the eye. View our, Art History Timeline: Western Art Movements and Their Impact, Fresco painting in St. Charles's church in Vienna, Prehistoric cultures that existed before the advent of a written language, Civilizations from Mesopotamia, Egypt, Greece, and the Americas, The Descent of Man into the Vale of Death, Group f/64: The Photographers Behind Art Imitating Life, How to Identify Modern Versus Contemporary Art, 12 of the Most Extravagant Gifts Ever Given, Louis Vuitton Handbags: Iconic Styles and Price Guide, The Surprising Market for Russian Nesting Dolls. The High Renaissance, which lasted from 1490 to 1527, produced influential artists such as da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael, each of whom brought creative power and spearheaded ideals of emotional expression. Surrealism emerged from the Dada art movement in 1916, showcasing works of art that defied reason. Shelley Esaak. This translated to a renewed interest in classical ideals of harmony, simplicity, and proportion. Painters used an intense contrast between light and dark and had energetic compositions matched by rich color palettes. Art began to change stylistically shortly after the High Renaissance, when clashes between the Christian faith and humanism gave way to Mannerism. Image via Wikimedia Commons. Some of the most celebrated Mannerist artists include Giorgio Vasari, Francesco Salviati, Domenico Beccafumi, and Bronzino, who is widely considered to be the most important Mannerist painter in Florence during his time. Sandro Botticelli, , 1484–1486. Art History Timeline Art Periods/ Movements Dates Chief Artists and Major Works Characteristics Historical Events Mesopotamia - Ancient Near East (3500 BCE – 636 BCE) Chapter 2 Sumerian (2700 BCE) Sumerian Votive Offerings, Standard of Ur, Ziggurat of Ur, Bull Lyre The 1960's was an important era in the history of digital art since this was when artists started to experiment with computers. 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